Why asthma occurs, and what to do? The cause of asthma cannot be determined. However, several factors play a role in the development and persistence of asthma.

Why asthma occurs, and what to do?

Why asthma occurs, and what to do? The cause of asthma cannot be determined. However, several factors play a role in the development and persistence of asthma.

why asthma occurs, and what to do?

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When I read the poem 'Gachpalagulo' by poet Purnendu Patri, when I am close to these two lines, it sounds like someone's asthmatic breathing. The feeling of pain is a little more because he is a doctor himself.

This animate animal body that lives on earth laughs, and cries - all this is the coming and going of that vital air, breathing. If there is a disturbance in that breathing, it is difficult to breathe in the chest, but how uncomfortable it is, I can understand very well. This breathing discomfort is called 'asthma'.

Medical Explanation of Asthma:

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system. This disease is long-term. Inflammation of the respiratory system causes the airways to swell. After that gradually the symptoms like shortness of breath, cough, wheezing in the chest, pressure in the chest, etc. started to appear. The name of the combined disease is asthma.

Why is asthma:

The cause of asthma cannot be determined. However, several factors play a role in the development and persistence of asthma.

  •  This disease can be due to genetic or hereditary reasons. If someone in the family has this disease, then anyone in the next generation is at risk of being affected.
  • Animal dander, pollen, pollen, fungus, etc. are dangerous for asthma.
  • Risk of asthma increases due to air pollution, cigarette smoke, various irritants from factories, the smell of colors, cold air, spicy spices, etc.
  • Overuse of various painkillers, aspirin, heroin, etc. can cause asthma.
  • Stress and excessive emotionality can also increase the severity of asthma in many cases.
  • This disease usually occurs in boys in childhood and in girls, it is more common in adulthood.
  • In some people, eating certain types of food, such as beef, shrimp, hilsa, and brinjal, can increase the level of asthma.

Video Source: TED-Ed

Asthma symptoms:

  • Prolonged shortness of breath
  • Increased shortness of breath during seasonal changes
  • Feeling of pressure in the chest
  • Cough or dry cough
  • Sudden whistling sound in the chest during breathing
  • Suffocation
  • Increased breathing difficulty when dust gets in the nose and mouth

Asthma testing:

  • Spirometry or peak flowmetry test: This is done to determine whether the patient has airway obstruction or not.
  • Methacholine challenge test: This tests airway hypersensitivity.
  • Blood test: Eosinophil serum IgE level is detected in blood and coffee.
  • Skin prick test: This test is done to test for allergens or triggers.

Treatment of asthma:

  • Salbutamol-like sedatives immediately dilate the airways and reduce airway obstruction.
  • Antibiotics such as steroids, aminophylline, cromoglycate, etc. are used.
  • Inhaler is the most useful and modern method in the treatment of asthma. A very small amount of medicine is used to get good results. There are not many side effects.
  • Use of a nebulizer is also very effective in treating asthma. This method is applied when the level of asthma is severe. However, it is important to keep the nebulizer properly sterilized.
  • Intravenous steroid injections are often given to prevent asthma attacks.

Inhalers in the treatment of asthma:

There are several types of inhalers available, the most affordable and widely used inhaler being the MDI or metered dose inhaler. Here, small particles (1-5 micrometers) of liquid medicine can be applied to the lungs in the form of an aerosol.

Techniques for applying MDI:

The steps for using a metered dose inhaler are as follows.

  • Open the mouthpiece lid of the inhaler.
  • Lift your chin and look straight ahead.
  • Exhale slowly and let all the air out of the chest.
  • Now put the mouthpiece of the inhaler between the teeth and press it with your lips so that there is no gap.
  • Now inhale slowly and draw the aerosol into the lungs by pressing firmly on the canister.
  • When the breath is full, remove the inhaler from the mouth and hold the breath for 5-10 seconds, so that the medicine accumulates in the airways of the lungs.
  • Now take a normal breath. In this way, the patient takes a puff or pull of medicine.
  • If 2 puffs are to be taken, repeat the process after at least 30 seconds. Then close the mouthpiece with the inhaler cap.
  • After using the steroid inhaler, rinse your mouth with water and discard the water. Do not swallow the water. This will clear the medicine accumulated in the mouth. The risk of side effects will be reduced.

How long does the inhaler last?

  • MDI is valid for two years after manufacture. It is not effective for more than six months after starting use. Keep away from excessive and direct sunlight. The room temperature should be kept at 20-25 degrees Celsius.
  • Without an MDI dose count, there is no way to know when the inhaler is empty. In this case, how much dose was in the inhaler and how many days should be left, should be kept in this way.


  • Shortness of breath does not mean asthma. Heart disease, anemia, etc. can also cause shortness of breath. Asthma is not a contagious disease.
  • About 24 million people in the world are suffering from asthma. Of these, about 350,000 people die every year due to asthma. 80 percent of people who die from asthma are from third-world countries.
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David Daniel
David Daniel

Guys, I'm David Daniel. I'm joining the Health Frantic team & my primary goal is to bring you exclusive coverage of the world of Health & Fitness.

David Daniel has over 10 years of experience in health and Fitness. She's always exploring — optimizing health through proper nutrition, physical and mental wellness, regular exercise, sweat-proof workout gear, running and self-care practices, and more —

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